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in Carrara since 1936
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Carved lives
The richness and the uniqueness of the Apuane Alps have influenced the life of the inhabitants for centuries: not only they shaped the character of the people who lived close to them, they also crossed people's life with the destiny.
Often in the past, the work of the quarryman wasn't a choice, it was a natural consequence, it was a tradition that generation by generation has to be carry on. When a young men started this job, he was called "boccia" and he couldn't help during the most important phases of the extraction: he could only deal with the hardest jobs, such as: sharpen the "subbie" (the specific chisels used to square marble blocks), bring back tools and shred the sand which flowed into the "filo elicoidale" (helical cutting edge). The quarrymen left home very early in the mornings, and they came back only at night tired for the hard job they had to manage; only if the weather turned into rain or snow they could stay at home and rest.
Till a recent past they went to the quarry by foot, carrying some heavy cables on their backs: these cables were used to support the marble blocks during the phase of "lizzatura".
All the phases of the extraction, even the hardest ones, were made by hand, the only technical support introduced at the beginning of the ninety century was the helical cutting edge; before that the quarrymen only used some explosive charges to separate the marble from the mountain.
This phase called "varata" was one of the most dangerous and unpredictable ones: the mountain reaction is always unknown and its strength can explode in an ungovernable way. The quarryman called "tecchiaiolo" had the task of dangling in space to check closely the blocks after the explosion: the man hanging by a cable could check the mountain avoiding the danger of landslides.
After this phase, the blocks were squared off with a technique called "subbiatura" (by the name of the particular chisel used) and moved to the valley along the "ravaneti" (deposits of rubbles) with the technique of "lizzatura" by sliding the stones slung in cables of steel progressively releasing from above on wooden beams.
Once the blocks arrived to the valley, cows carried them to the stocks or to the sea, where they were embarked.
The quarrymen rituals repeated themselves for ages and ages before the technology little by little got a foothold. This technological improvements made the jobs in the quarry easier and less tough. Without the precious commitment of many quarrymen, the stone, secretly hided into the hearth of the mountain, would have ever seen the light, and would have never become masterpieces, shaped by the hands of wide world famous artists.
1818
1880
1890
1902
1923
1936
1960
2005
2010
2011
2012
The Duchess Maria Beatrice d'Este and the Betogli quarries.
Ancient techniques of cutting.
The quarry of Poggio Silvestre provides materials for the construction of major projects in Europe.
The construction of Marble Railway is ended.
The tall ships which transported the marble.
From Staminalstone's archives "Il Marmista" by Aldo Scarzella.
Staminalstone begins its history
Aldo Vanelli
buys the quarry 67 Zona Mossa.
Staminalstone acquires the quarry 66 Poggio Silvestre.
Staminalstone marbles are used in luxury and design applications.
Inauguration of Staminalstone China headquarter in Xiamen.
Marble from Staminalstone quarries is used for the construction of Stone Gate.